This week’s term: Justification – The aspect of salvation which deals with judicial righteousness or vindication. It is never self-acquired, but always given as the result of Christ’s substitutionary work (Romans 5:9). It is realized by faith (Romans 5:1). It is demonstrated by works (James 2:22-24).
Last week’s term: Covenant Theology – The Catholic, and later the Protestant “Reformed”, doctrine which states the “Church of the New Testament”, like the “Church of the Old Testament”, is formed on the basis of the same covenant, namely the covenant God made with Abraham (Systematic Theology by Charles Hodge, p. 549). Therefore, they conclude that the children of believers have the right to baptism by which they are actually regenerated. (Systematic Theology by Charles Hodge, pp. 546-547). This notion is essentially held by all infant baptizers.